By submitting your email address, you understand that you will receive email communications from HarperCollins Christian Publishing (501 Nelson Place, Nashville, TN 37214 USA) providing information about products and services of HCCP and its affiliates. Provide counter numbers for the beginnings and ends of the solos by McCoy Tyner and John He The book of 3rdJohn is a General Epistle (Apostolic Letter). 3 John 1:14 "But I trust I shall shortly see thee, and we shall speak face to face. But ever since the fourth century when Eusebius wrote, there has been debate in the church about the authorship of the three letters attributed in the New Testament to John. And John, in response to this good report about the behavior of these “rank and file” Christians, Diotrephes had taken control of one of the churches there and used his power to ban certain travelling missionaries from coming to the church at all. Irenaeus (AD 175–195), bishop of Lyon, was born in Asia Minor and as a child personally knew Polycarp, who is said to have been appointed bishop of Smyrna by eyewitnesses of the Lord Jesus. When were 1, 2, and 3 John written? It is written by someone simply called 'the elder' (whom we assume to be John the Elder) to his friend Gaius. Ver. The relationship between the three letters and between them and the gospel indicates that the same author likely wrote all three letters, and he was also either the author of the gospel or a close associate. Papias mentions John twice, once as a “disciple of the Lord” and again as an “elder.” But Eusebius overlooked the fact that even when Papias refers to Peter and James, he doesn’t at first call them “apostles” but “elders,” suggesting that the two titles were not mutually exclusive in Papias. 1 This letter is from John, the elder. John referred to himself in his gospel as “the disciple whom Jesus loved” (John 21:20), a title that highlights one of the great themes of all John’s biblical contributions, including 3 John—the love of God working itself out in the lives of human beings. It’s been a busy few months at MasterLectures. 3 John has the feel of a much more personal letter than 2 John. 3 John 1:5 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family. The elder argues that Christian leadership is essentially conservative, preserving and passing to the next generation the teaching of the apostles whom the Lord himself had chosen. See Introductions to 1 John and the Gospel of John: Author. View Chuck Swindoll's chart of Third John, which divides the book into major sections and highlights themes and key verses. The content, style, and vocabulary seem to warrant the conclusion that these three epistles were addressed to the same readers as the Gospel of John. Please check errors and resubmit. © 2021 Insight for Living Ministries. Modern scholarship has complicated the issue even further with most New Testament scholars rejecting the identity of the beloved disciple as the apostle John and conjecturing as many as five different author or redactors for the gospel and letters. Please note, our website requires JavaScript to be supported. B. Demetrius. With so much going on, it’s easy to lose track of what’s been happening. Troubles had come to the church in Asia. Composition. John wrote his letter to Gaius, a leader of one or more churches in Asia Minor. The New Testament letters are different from these narrative accounts of the life of Jesus because each letter addressed pressing issues of the moment rather than recounting events from a previous time period. third epistle of John was written by the apostle Johnabout the year 90 Outline of the Book of 3 John The Godliness and Generosity of Gaius - 1:1-8 The Gospel of John provides no explicit internal evidence concerning its author. encouraged them to continue to love and support those visiting believers who gave of themselves and ministered in the churches of Asia. Church tradition from the earliest days of Christianity has ascribed these letters to John, commonly believed to be the apostle John—one of Jesus’ chosen twelve, the son of Zebedee, and “the disciple whom Jesus loved” of John’s gospel. 3 John is written to pave the way for a Christian missionary to minister in a region dominated by an insecure and unrighteous pastor. John’s three epistles are largely concerned with the issue of fellowship—with God, with enemies of the gospel and, in the case of 3 John, with those who proclaim the truth. 2 Dear friend, I hope all is well with you and that you are as healthy in body as you are strong in spirit. At the writing of this, his final epistle, John was nearing the end of his life, a life that had changed dramatically some six decades before, when Jesus had called John and his brother James out from their fishing boat. The key personalities in this book are the Apostle John, Gaius, Diotrephes, and Demetrius. There he presumably lived for the rest of his long life, on into the reign of Trajan, the Roman emperor who ruled the empire from AD 98 to 117. Discover more resources related to Third John. But John was a common name at the time, and early in Christian history some came to doubt if “the elder” was the same man as the author of 1 John and John’s gospel. We would tentatively say that 3 John, if written at the same time as 2 John, was written c. 66-67 CE. 3 John is thought by many Bible teachers to have been written in John's old age, about 90 AD. They denied that God could be packaged in flesh. It is a delightful accompaniment to the second letter, which was written to a Christian lady about how to handle the false teachers who were abroad in that day. All books of the New Testament refer to events that happened in the first century, such as the life of Jesus, the spread of the gospel, and issues that arose in the infant churches. Thursday, 16 July 2020 …but I hope to see you shortly, and we shall speak face to face. The apostle John identified himself in 3 John only as “the elder” (3 John 1:1), the same as he did in 2 John. Even though such sources are subject to the same historical scrutiny as other ancient documents, this is a remarkable chain of historical witnesses—from Irenaeus, to Polycarp, to John himself—enjoyed by no other New Testament book. The study is available as a free e-mail Bible study, or as an e-book or paperback book at a modest cost. While 1 John appear to be a general letter addressed to congregations scattered throughout Asia Minor, and 2 John was sent to a lady and her family (2 John 1), in 3 John, the apostle clearly names the sole recipient as … Even if these two letters were not written on the same occasion, there is nothing in 3 John to require a great time interval between it and 2 John. Listen to Chuck Swindoll’s overview of Third John in his audio message from the Classic series God’s Masterwork. John used words such as love and truth to describe this kind of living, and he used the negative example of Diotrephes to illustrate the dangers of going down a different path. Cross references 3 John 1:1 : S Ac 11:30; 2Jn 1 View Written Assignment #3_ John Coltrane.docx from MUS 116 at University of North Carolina, Wilmington. Showing hospitality to others—particularly strangers—requires a level of trust and acceptance that is not necessarily required of us in our everyday lives. The New Testament books were themselves written in the second half of that century. But the Fourth Gospel might provide us with clues conceal... Get expert commentary on biblical languages, fresh explorations in theology, hand-picked book excerpts, author videos, and info on limited-time sales. It forces us out of our comfort zones and into a territory where we must place our trust in God. Author: 1, 2, and 3 John have from earliest times been attributed to the apostle John, who also wrote the Gospel of John. Most scholars believe the three Johannine epistles have the same author, but there is no consensus if this was also the author of the Gospel of John. cit., p. 449): "II and III John were written by the same author. Ill John was written to John's friend Gaius. The letter was probably written about the same time as 1 and 2 John (a.d. 85–95). 3 Some of the traveling teachers [] recently returned and made me very happy by telling me about your faithfulness and that you are living according to the truth. This troubling situation prompted John to write to Gaius, commending the believers for holding fast to the truth and doing so with a loving attitude. This book is believed to a letter from John to his friend Gaius. Copyright © 2020 HarperCollins Publishers. Jesus’ lifetime, during which no New Testament books were written; a period of great expansion of the gospel throughout the Roman empire (AD 33 – 60); and. The letter is addressed to one Gaius. Third John teaches us that we should do the same for those who carry on the teaching of Jesus in our own day. The letters and gospel are anonymous to us, but the Christians who originally received them undoubtedly knew the identity of the author, and it is likely on the ancient testimony of those believers that the letters have been ascribed to John. Diotrephes. Greetings. Purpose of Writing: John’s purpose in writing this third epistle is threefold. The New Testament books were themselves written in the second half of … See Introduction to 2 John: Occasion and Purpose. The main messages of the books. 3 John 1:13 "I had many things to write, but I will not with ink and pen write unto thee:" John explains that there was no need to write more, because he was coming to see them, and he would tell them then. This epistle was probably written in … Get updates from Zondervan Academic directly in your inbox. to care for and support those who serve God’s people. While we cannot pinpoint the date with certainty due to the lack of specific information in the letter, 3 John was probably written (I John 4:1-3) b. Although the issue of authorship will not likely ever be known with certainty, the author of these letters clearly claims to be a bearer of the apostolic teaching about Jesus that was based on eyewitness testimony about his public ministry, death, and resurrection. - I wrote somewhat to the Church (reading, with the best authorities, ἔγραψά τι probably means that St. John had written a letter, now lost, and perhaps destroyed by Diotrephes, to the Church to which Diotrephes belonged. The shortest book in the English language is different depending on which translation (version) you look at. False teachers had infiltrated the church denying the divinity of Jesus Christ. As Kummel states (Introduction to the New Testament, p. 446): "No other NT letter, not even Phlm has so completely the form of a Hellenistic private letter as II and III John.Both are real letters." Enhance your school’s traditional and online education programs by easily integrating online courses developed from the scholars and textbooks you trust. Information on 3 John. This post has been adapted from Karen H. Jobes’ commentary on 1, 2, & 3 John in the Zondervan Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. But there’s a problem. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. The main message, of I John is that Jesus was God come in the flesh to save humanity. Date of Writing: The Book of 1 John was likely written between A.D. 85-95. See Introduction to 1 John: Date. The Gospels telling that story were written some decades later and so are concerned, first, with the events of Jesus’ lifetime recorded but, second, with what was happening in the churches to which each gospel was addressed and which shaped their content. The gospel of John, like all the gospels, is anonymous. In the letter, John begs for Gaius’ help in tackling Diotrephes, who was refusing to acknowledge John’s authority. These Christians strove to make the gospel a reality in their lives through the way they treated one another. Order the DVD, watch the videos on Vimeo or Amazon Prime Video, or stream the lectures on MasterLectures right now with a 14-day FREE trial. For Instructors and School Administrators. Copy good men in the way that you live (3 John verses 11-12) v11 Dear friend, do not imitate what is … Third John gives us an intimate glimpse into the life of the early church. An Update on MasterLectures: New Videos, a Podcast, and Free Previews. [Our] friends salute thee. Date. The witness of Papias is more complicated and has been the subject of more debate, for his writings are preserved only in those of Eusebius, whose interpretation of Papias’s words raised the possibility of two men named John, one authoring the gospel and another, the elder John, the letters and the book of Revelation. [I am writing to Gaius, my dear friend, whom I love in the truth. As we have argued at some length in our discussion of the Gospel and first epistle, these documents were written in the 60s. It is written by the Disciple/Apostle John around 85-95 A.D. Our Lord was surrounded by people who took care of Him. a period of doctrinal and ecclesial unification (c. AD 60 – 100). How do you show hospitality to other Christians, particularly those who serve you and others in your local church and at churches around the world? Thus, it is appropriate to consider what was happening in the churches that were the original recipients of John’s gospel, most likely the last gospel to be written. Your form could not be submitted. Second John and Third John are the two shortest books in the Bible. 3 John: Written after 2 John and before 4 John, You're not cool enough to know about 4 John, Pronounced 3rd John but written 3 John, Because fuck you, that's why, Rumor has it this book was written by the 3rd guy to ever be named John in the history of humanity., This is not a rumor. At one point, the church had seen something of a leadership quality in him and had placed him in charge, but now in the top spot, the power had gone to his head. Though the question of authorship has been much discussed, the language and contents of the three letters suggest a common source. The earliest ascription of authorship to John comes from Polycarp, bishop of Smyrna (d. AD 156), and from Papias, a contemporary of Polycarp, whose writings survive only as quotations in the later writings of Irenaeus and Eusebius. For example, in the New International Version 2 John is the shortest book with only 302 words but in the King James Version (Authorized Version) 3 John is the shortest with only 295 words. Peace [be] to thee. John wanted to ensure a warm welcome from the churches to those who traveled around preaching the gospel, offering them hospitality and a send-off “in a manner worthy of God” (3 John 1:6). 3.1.2). The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: Gaius. Second and Third John are from the pen of “the elder,” who is not identified. All Rights Reserved. man named Diotrephes, and John wrote to reinforce for Gaius the proper way to deal with the troubles. 1. They emphasize that God is light and love and every true believer will demonstrate God's light and love. 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