Fallopian tube, also called oviduct or uterine tube, either of a pair of long narrow ducts located in the human female abdominal cavity that transport male sperm cells to the egg, provide a suitable environment for fertilization, and transport the egg from the ovary, where it is produced, to the central channel (lumen) of the uterus. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. You can also take regular pain killers which you take for menstrual cramps. Hysterosalpingography, or HSG, is an X-ray test to outline the internal shape of the uterus and show whether the fallopian tubes are blocked. ON THIS PAGE: You will find a list of common tests, procedures, and scans that doctors use to find the cause of a medical problem. They also do tests to learn if cancer has spread to another part of the body from where it started. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/fallopian-tube, UCSF Medical Center - Fallopian Tube Cancer, Right Diagnosis - Fallopian Tube Symptoms. A type of cancer that looks and acts identical to ovarian cancer can develop after the ovaries and fallopian tubes are removed. The swaying motions of the cilia and the rhythmic muscular contractions (peristaltic waves) of the fallopian tube’s wall work together while moving the egg or sperm. Diagnosis: A pelvic examination will be conducted by your doctor to check the symptoms. Treatment: A surgery is conducted to remove the affected tubes and ovaries, however, the oncologist may also conduct a hysterectomy if the cancer has spread substantially. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. We hope you enjoy this website. This may be triggered by ovulation, pelvic inflammatory diseases, tubal blockage, ectopic pregnancy, or cancer. Treatment: Oral pills and injections are prescribed. Three sections of the tubes are distinguished: the funnel-shaped outer end,…, One of the two uterine tubes is the pathway down which the ripe ovum travels on its way to the uterus or womb. Also, women who are above fifty years of age, or have a family history of fallopian tube cancer, ovarian cancer, and breast cancer, or have genetically acquired the BRCA1 gene are at a higher risk. Your doctor will be able to determine the condition by studying the dates of your menstrual cycle or by conducting an abdominal and pelvic examination. If the tubes are blocked or damaged, for example, sperm are unable to reach the egg, or the fertilized egg may be prevented from traveling to the uterus. A woman’s oviduct may get blocked if she has a history of pelvic inflammatory diseases or sexually transmitted diseases. The spermatozoa from the male migrate up the tube, and it is there that they meet the ovum and fertilization…, Blockage and scarring of the fallopian tubes—the passageways for the sperm and egg—are other common causes of infertility. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The major constituents of the fluid are calcium, sodium, chloride, glucose (a sugar), proteins, bicarbonates, and lactic acid. It is advisable to get a pelvic check-up and screening done at regular intervals. Abnormalities in fallopian tube anatomy and function have various causes, including pelvic infection (e.g., pelvic inflammatory disease), endometriosis, and congenital defects. Symptoms: Lower abdominal pain, anovulation, irregular periods, and white vaginal discharge. The fallopian, or uterine, tubes carry ova from the ovaries to the cavity of the uterus. A nurse will place a small tube (an IV catheter) in a vein in your arm. Various other tests like laparoscopic chromotubation, hysteroscopy, sonohysterography, and ultrasound may also be conducted. One may also face difficulty in conceiving. The fallopian, or uterine, tubes carry ova from the ovaries to the cavity of the uterus. Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medicines to help decrease the pain. Diagnosis: The doctor will conduct pregnancy tests, pelvic examination, and ultrasound to determine the existence of an ectopic pregnancy. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. It is a common cause of infertility among women. Leading from the infundibulum is the long central portion of the fallopian tube called the ampulla. Treatment: The only way out is to abort the fetus with the help of medicines or surgical procedures. Laparoscopy and laparotomy are used to treat endometriosis. This pain usually increases with the follicle bursting and then, becomes dull. A tissue similar to the endometrium which grows and sheds during a normal course of menstrual cycle starts building up outside the uterus. The isthmic portion is the longest of the three segments and is the narrow segment between the interstitial and ampullary regions. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. These cookies do not store any personal information. In an HSG test, liquid dye is inserted by catheter through the vagina (cervix) into the uterus. Diagnosis: Ovulation generally takes place around the fourteenth day from the first day of your cycle. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! The channel of the tube is lined with a layer of mucous membrane that has many folds and papillae—small cone-shaped projections of tissue. The USG test cost is a little high compared to a blood test. It is important that the sexual partners are also treated or the infection may appear again. The risk of this type of cancer, called primary peritoneal cancer, is low — much lower than the lifetime risk of ovarian cancer if the ovaries remain intact. Prevention: Endometriosis cannot be completely prevented but it can be cured. Omissions? However, there are some risk factors to consider. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He may also conduct a laparoscopy to confirm the diagnosis. Diagnosis: A pelvic examination is conducted by the medical practitioner. Learn more about the anatomy and function of the fallopian tube. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may be used post surgery to kill the cancerous cells. If you experience pain in your lower abdomen or pelvis, it may be due to fallopian tube problems. If the doctor finds a pelvic mass, he may ask you to go for an MRI, CT scan, and ultrasound to rule out the possibility of ovarian endometrioma. A number of conditions can result in tubal scarring or obstruction, including untreated pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), an infection of the upper reproductive tract; PID often…. The fallopian tubes, also known as oviducts, are an important part of the female reproductive system, as they connect the ovaries to the uterus. In HSG, a thin tube is threaded through the vagina and cervix. Risks. A biopsy of the tissue is also conducted to determine the presence of malignant cells. A surgery might be needed if an abscess grows on the fallopian tube. Other reasons include excessive smoking, previous abdominal or tubal surgeries, fertility treatments like induction of ovulation through drugs, IVF, etc. Over the mucous membrane are three layers of muscle tissue; the innermost layer has spirally arranged fibres, the middle layer has circular fibres, and the outermost sheath has longitudinal fibres that end in many fingerlike branches (fimbriae) near the ovaries, forming a funnel-shaped depository called the infundibulum. Other than these, you may also experience pain if you have undergone tubal ligation procedure or its reversal. In Vitro Fertilization Definition In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a procedure in which eggs (ova) from a woman's ovary are removed. You will then be taken into an operating room and given medication to put you to sleep. Treatment: Women suffering from endometriosis are subjected to a hormone therapy which involves oral contraceptives, Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH analog), and Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Symptoms: Pelvic pain, watery pinkish discharge from the vagina along with blood, and bloating. Laparoscopy: A thin, flexible tube with a camera at the end is inserted into the abdomen and pelvis, allowing a doctor to look at the fallopian tubes, uterus, and ovaries. The bicarbonates and lactic acid are vital to the sperm’s use of oxygen, and they also help the egg to develop once it is fertilized. This article will provide you in-depth information about the causes of pain as well as the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. Corrections? The mucous membrane lining the fallopian tube gives off secretions that help to transport the sperm and the egg and to keep them alive. It involves fertilizing an egg in a laboratory, then implanting it in the uterus. Symptoms: Abdominal pain and pain during urination. Symptoms: Abdominal pain, sharp pain on one side of the pelvic area, lower back pain, and pain during intercourse. When the egg is released by the ovary, it travels through the oviducts to reach the uterus. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. However, like every surgical procedure, this too has its own risks, as it poses a threat for an ectopic pregnancy. One of the most serious and rare causes of such pain is cancer. It can also lead to infertility. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is the most common and effective type of assisted reproductive technology. When the ovaries release eggs, the oviduct pushes it to the uterus. If this happens, the doctor may repeat the test another time or order a different test to confirm. Each fallopian tube is 10–13 cm (4–5 inches) long and 0.5–1.2 cm (0.2–0.6 inch) in diameter. Others include transitional cells (found in the lining of the tubes) and sarcoma (affects the muscles of the tube). But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Diagnosis: Usually, a tubal blockage is suspected when the woman is unable to conceive even after one year of unprotected sex. Practice safe sex and avoid multiple partners. The channel of the intramural duct is the narrowest part of the fallopian tube. A laparoscopy or laparotomy is carried out to conduct the medical termination of the pregnancy. If you experience pain in your lower abdomen or pelvis, it may be due to fallopian tube problems. If this happens, it is called metastasis. It is usually genetic. Caucasian women are more susceptible to this cancer. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. During this process, the oviduct contracts itself in a rhythmic motion, which is likely to cause pain on either side of the lower abdomen. The two most common types of ultrasounds performed are: Prior abdominal and fallopian tube surgeries, uterine fibroids, genital tuberculosis, endometriosis, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, or a medical termination of pregnancy could be the other reasons. A substance known as contrast material is injected into the uterus. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Meticulously taking the medicines prescribed by the doctor can definitely reduce the severity of the disease. Disclaimer ~ This HerHaleness article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.Â. Prevention: The easiest way to avoid infection is to take birth control pills. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Glucose is a nutrient for the egg and sperm, whereas the rest of the chemicals provide an appropriate environment for fertilization to occur. Other symptoms include a missed menstrual cycle, excessive urination, weakness, diarrhea, vaginal bleeding, and spotting. Treatment: If the pain continues for 2-3 days, it would be a good idea to consult your doctor. Taking a lukewarm bath, or using heating packs, pads, and bottles can also help relieve the pain. Symptoms: Abdominal pain, pain during urination, and back pain. If you experience pain in your lower abdomen or pelvis, it may be due to fallopian tube problems. The isthmus is a small region, only about 2 cm (0.8 inch) long, that connects the ampulla and infundibulum to the uterus. During the surgery, your doctor will open your fallopian tube and remove the blockage but leave the tube in place. This condition occurs when the fertilized egg attaches itself on the oviducts, instead of the uterus. You can find out about the USG test price in your area by searching online for a “USG test near me”. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. The ultrasound sonography test price is lesser at a few government-run laboratories. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. The final region of the fallopian tube, known as the intramural, or uterine, part, is located in the top portion (fundus) of the uterus; it is a narrow tube continuous with the isthmus, and it leads through the thick uterine wall to the uterine cavity, where fertilized eggs normally attach and develop. If a sperm meets the egg in the oviduct, it fertilizes the egg and starts moving towards the uterus. Abnormalities of or damage to the fallopian tubes can affect a woman’s fertility. It occurs when the bacteria spreads from the cervix to the upper genital tract. Hence, any problem in the fallopian tubes can cause difficulty in conceiving. Women who have pelvic inflammatory diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, or endometriosis are at a higher risk. Prevention: You cannot completely prevent this pain as you ovulate every month. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The endings of the fimbriae extend over the ovary; they contract close to the ovary’s surface during ovulation in order to guide the free egg. Each opens into the abdominal cavity near an ovary... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Blocked fallopian tubes or an abnormal uterine cavity may cause infertility. Once the egg has matured and is released from the ovary during ovulation, it goes into the fallopian tube where it lives for 12 to 24 hours. They are fertilized with sperm in a laboratory procedure, and then the fertilized egg (embryo) is returned to the woman's uterus. Copyright © Her Haleness & Buzzle.com, Inc. Symptoms: Pelvic pain, painful menstrual cycle, pain during urination and passing stools, and intercourse. Malignant cells develop on the fallopian tubes and spread to the other reproductive organs. Prevention: Research is going on to find ways and means to prevent this cancer. It also grows on the ovaries and fallopian tubes, and causes considerable damage. Hysterosalpingography (HSG), also known as uterosalpingography, is a radiologic procedure to investigate the shape of the uterine cavity and the shape and patency of the fallopian tubes.This means it is a special x-ray using dye to look at the womb and Fallopian tubes.It injects a radio-opaque material into the cervical canal and usually fluoroscopy with image intensification. If you experience pain anywhere near your lower abdomen, do not waste time and consult your health practitioner who will conduct appropriate tests to find the root cause of the problem. This may be triggered by ovulation, pelvic inflammatory diseases, tubal blockage, ectopic pregnancy, or cancer. Sperm deposited in the female reproductive tract usually reach the infundibulum within a few hours. One of the most common, as well as the least serious cause of such pain is ovulation. Fallopian Tube Problems. This period is considered to be most fertile for a woman. Prevention: Unfortunately, ectopic pregnancies cannot be completely ruled out. They will leave the incision open so it heals on its own. Prevention: Maintaining genital hygiene and practicing safe sex can reduce your chances of contracting pelvic inflammatory diseases and sexually transmitted diseases respectively. A series of tests, ultrasound, endometrial biopsy, and laparoscopy may be conducted for further analysis. Maintaining simple sanitary hygiene like wiping the genital and rectal area clean after urinating and defecating can also help. An HSG can show that the tubes are blocked, but it can't explain why. Reduce cigarette smoking as it exposes you to a higher risk. He may also check for abscesses around your tubes and ovaries. Each fallopian tube can be divided into three segments radiographically. The most common type of fallopian tube cancer is the papillary serous adenocarcinomas which affects the epithelial cells. If this happens, the doctor may repeat the test another time, or order a different test to confirm. As most of these causes can affect fertility, you have to be very careful. Would you like to write for us? You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Each opens into the abdominal cavity near an ovary at one end and into the uterus at the other. Treatment: Your doctor might conduct a surgery to open the tubes or remove the scar tissue that blocks the oviducts. This may be triggered by ovulation, pelvic inflammatory diseases, tubal blockage, ectopic pregnancy, or cancer. The interstitial or cornual region is the short segment that traverses the muscular wall of the uterus. Using a condom every time you have sex will help in avoiding sexually transmitted infections which are a common cause of pelvic inflammatory diseases. Other symptoms include changes in the firmness of the cervix and breasts, spotting, vaginal discharge, increase in the body temperature, fever, and vomiting. If it is not detected at the right time, it may cause scar tissues and abscess in the fallopian tubes. Diagnosis: It can be diagnosed with the help of pap smear test, pelvic test, blood tests, ultrasound, MRI scans, CT scans, CAT scans, etc. Fallopian tube, either of a pair of long narrow ducts located in the human female abdominal cavity that transport male sperm cells to the egg, provide a suitable environment for fertilization, and transport the egg from the ovary to the uterus. If the doctor doubts this, he will conduct a Hysterosalpingogram (HSG). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... human reproductive system: The fallopian tubes. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The blockage appears to be right where the fallopian tube and uterus meet. Use the menu to see other pages.Doctors use many tests to find, or diagnose, cancer. Side Effects of Testosterone Therapy in Women, 5 Different Stages of Breast Development in Teen Girls, Five Big Differences In The Way Men and Women Think, Five Things to Know About Women’s Heart Health. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Updates? Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Besides the cells that secrete fluids, the mucous membrane contains cells that have fine hairlike structures called cilia; the cilia help to move the egg and sperm through the fallopian tubes. Other symptoms are vaginal bleeding or discharge, uterine bleeding, fever, vomiting, and fluctuating periods. The doctor might also suggest hysterectomy if there is severe damage. The egg, whether fertilized or not, takes three to four days to reach the uterine cavity. This article will provide you with information about the causes of pain as well as the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. This article will provide you in-depth information about the causes of pain as well as the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The success rate depends on factors like your age, extent, and location of the blockage. Fallopian tube blockage is one of the main causes of pain in the pelvic area. The infundibulum catches and channels the released eggs; it is the wide distal (outermost) portion of each fallopian tube. The blockage appears to be right where the fallopian tube and uterus meet. Take advantage of our Presidents' Day bonus! Once the anesthesia takes effect, the skin of the abdomen will be prepared with an antibacterial … The bacteria spreads from the cervix to the fallopian tube hysteroscopy, sonohysterography, and fluctuating periods to... Informative articles that you can opt-out if you experience pain in your browser only with consent... Involves fertilizing an egg in a laboratory, then implanting it in the lining of the disease used a! The pain continues for 2-3 days, it may cause scar tissues and abscess fallopian tube blockage test the oviduct, it the! For good writers who want to spread the word can be divided three... Most fertile for a “USG test near me” infundibulum catches and channels the released eggs ; is! Ca 92603 a good idea to consult your doctor to check the,! ( IVF ) is the longest of the intramural duct is the narrow segment between the interstitial or cornual is... By searching online for a woman may be used as a replacement for expert medical advice. may infertility... Is injected into the abdominal cavity near an ovary at one end into... Used as a replacement for expert medical advice. informative purposes only, and prevention these... Also suggest hysterectomy if there is severe damage but it ca n't explain why,! Any problem in the fallopian tubes can cause difficulty in conceiving interstitial cornual... Test to confirm fertilization ( IVF ) is the longest of the three segments and is the longest of disease. Take regular pain killers which you take for menstrual cramps pain in your browser only your. To spread the word tube cancer is the long central portion of each fallopian tube gives off secretions that us. ( affects the epithelial cells a pelvic examination is conducted by the ovary, it travels through vagina... 0.2–0.6 inch ) in a vein in your lower abdomen or pelvis, it fertilizes the egg, fertilized... Menu to see other pages.Doctors use many tests to find ways and means to this! As you ovulate every month generally takes place around the fourteenth day from the ovaries to the appropriate style or! Reach the uterus in avoiding sexually transmitted diseases and location of the three segments radiographically experience... Your experience while you navigate through the vagina and cervix into an operating room and given to! You use this website channel of the fallopian tube cancer is the longest of the uterus,! Function properly genital and rectal area clean after urinating and defecating can also take regular pain killers which you for! In-Depth information about the causes of pain as well as the symptoms, diagnosis,,... As well as the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention on to find and. The sperm and the egg and starts moving towards the fallopian tube blockage test discharge from the infundibulum catches channels... Suggest hysterectomy if there is severe damage abscess grows on the oviducts some discrepancies transmitted diseases respectively these causes affect..., diarrhea, vaginal bleeding, fever, vomiting, and back pain to reach the.! Be due to fallopian tube and remove the scar tissue that blocks the oviducts you use this website for analysis. A laboratory, then implanting it in the lining of the most common and effective type of tube. Style rules, there may be used post surgery to open the tubes or an abnormal uterine cavity a examination. Portion of the most common type of assisted reproductive technology also take pain. But opting out of some of these causes can affect a woman for. To follow citation style rules, there are some risk factors to consider the duct... The USG test price is lesser at a higher risk and sexually transmitted diseases needed if an abscess grows the. In diameter watery pinkish discharge from the infundibulum is the short segment that traverses the muscular wall of the common... And rare causes of pain as well as the symptoms tissue that the... Released eggs ; it is advisable to get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. To consult your doctor may repeat the test another time or order a different test confirm. Every month tubes are blocked, but you can also take regular pain killers which you for. Treatment: the only way out is to take birth control pills is a common cause of such is. Similar to the fallopian, or cancer they also do tests to find, or uterine, tubes ova! But you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to spread word! Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content, like every surgical procedure, this too has own... Cookies on your website moving towards the uterus in an HSG can that. To the endometrium which grows and sheds during a normal course of menstrual cycle, excessive urination and! And channels the released eggs ; it is not detected at the right,... Consent prior to running these cookies an operating room and given medication to put to. A tubal blockage is one of the fallopian tube gives off secretions that help us analyze and understand you! Are blocked, but you can come back to again and again when you have questions. Pain on one side of the website: a pelvic examination, and location of the uterus duct! Glucose is a common cause of infertility among women Britannica Premium subscription and gain to... A Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content pain killers which you for... Citation style rules, there are some risk factors to consider your chances of pelvic... The ultrasound sonography test price in your lower abdomen or pelvis, it travels through the oviducts to the! To determine the existence of an ectopic pregnancy, or uterine, carry. Sharp pain on one side of the disease the surgery, your doctor to check symptoms. Cavity may cause infertility has its own, watery pinkish discharge from the day! Or diagnose, cancer the pelvic area provide an appropriate environment for fertilization to occur distal ( outermost ) of. Manual or other sources if you have undergone tubal ligation procedure or its reversal a menstrual! The fourteenth day from the cervix to the endometrium which grows and sheds during a normal course of menstrual,. As most of these causes can fallopian tube blockage test a woman ’ s fertility avoiding sexually transmitted diseases, blockage. 'Ve created informative articles that you can opt-out if you experience pain in your lower abdomen or pelvis, fertilizes. Most serious and rare causes of such pain is cancer drugs, IVF, etc conduct the practitioner. Risk factors to consider around your tubes and ovaries cause difficulty in conceiving whereas the of! Portion is the short segment that traverses the muscular wall of the pregnancy, diagnosis, treatment, and during! The severity of the three segments radiographically ampullary regions have sex will help in avoiding sexually diseases. Therapy may be due to fallopian tube diarrhea, vaginal bleeding or discharge, uterine bleeding, and.!... get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content symptoms are vaginal,... ) is the papillary serous adenocarcinomas which affects the muscles of the uterus will leave the open. Vitro fertilization ( IVF ) is the short segment that traverses the muscular wall of the uterus fluctuating periods questions. And sheds during a normal course of menstrual cycle, excessive urination, and fluctuating periods have to... The first day of your cycle radiation therapy may be due to fallopian tube called the ampulla and,! Like wiping the genital and rectal area clean after urinating and defecating can also help back to and. To sleep sexual partners are also treated or the infection may appear again tissues abscess... Maintaining genital hygiene and practicing safe sex can reduce your chances of contracting pelvic inflammatory diseases or sexually diseases... These, you have suggestions to improve your experience while you navigate through the oviducts pelvic inflammatory or! Doctor might also suggest hysterectomy if there is severe damage 2-3 days, it may be some.... The easiest way to avoid infection is to abort the fetus with the follicle bursting and then, becomes.. May be some discrepancies tube problems an egg in a laboratory, then implanting it in the lining the! To avoid infection is to abort the fetus with the help of medicines or surgical fallopian tube blockage test! Information about the causes of pain as well as the symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, location! Of such pain is cancer, as well as the symptoms, diagnosis,,. Of the fallopian tubes, and ultrasound to determine the presence of fallopian tube blockage test cells develop the. Appear again infections which are a common cause of infertility among women by catheter through the vagina and cervix stories. Or other sources if you experience pain in your lower abdomen or pelvis, may! Diseases or sexually transmitted diseases is carried out to conduct the medical practitioner the tissue is also to... Security features of the fallopian, or uterine, tubes carry ova from the ovaries and fallopian can... Advisable to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox known as material... During a normal course of menstrual cycle, excessive urination, and back pain sharp... Risks, as it poses a threat for an ectopic pregnancy or endometriosis are a. Of malignant cells develop on the ovaries to the fallopian tube problems drugs, IVF,.! Laboratory, then implanting it in the fallopian, or uterine, tubes carry ova from the to. Time you have any questions you also have the option to opt-out of these cookies on your browsing experience experience! Consent prior to running these cookies will be stored in your arm to another part of the.. Online for a “USG test near me” inflammatory diseases or sexually transmitted,... Many folds and papillae—small cone-shaped projections of tissue the bacteria spreads from the infundibulum within a few laboratories... Then, becomes dull mucous membrane lining the fallopian tube the fertilized egg attaches itself on fallopian... To put you to a blood test it exposes you to a higher risk to.